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This book investigates the design and construction methods imported by the Italian maitres d'oeuvre active in Egypt between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, particularly in Alexandria; it also includes an in-depth study of the work of the architect Mario Rossi whose most important work was the design of mosques. His personality and work, reconstructed in their space-time context, are taken as case studies based on these and other residential buildings in Alexandria and elsewhere. This study defines two prevalent approaches which swing between a tendency to import ideas from Italy and a tendency to assimilate local tradition. Convinced that contemporary architecture must also develop its own stylistic and constructional characteristics in accordance with multiple local traditions, the Author shows how in Rossi's work the complex global phenomenon of eclecticism - as an historic moment of transition and transformation animated by the search for a "new style" capable of being defined as "modern" and profoundly marked by new technologies and materials imported from Europe - was the expression of a "crisis" in the language of building which she nevertheless believes appeared to be resisted by the cultural continuity of typological processes.